2022世界杯买球

大学英语四级题库/阅读理解 Section A

     The American economic system is organized around a basically private-enterprise, market-oriented economy in 1consumers largely determine what shall be produced by. spending their money, in the marketplace for those goods and services that they want most. Private businessmen, striving to make profits, produce these goods and services in 2with other businessmen; and the profit motive operating under competitive pressures, largely determines how these goods and services are produced. Thus, in the American economic system it is the demand of individual consumers, 3with the desire of businessmen to maximize profits and the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes. 4together determine what shall be produced and how resources are used to produce it.
  An important factor in a market-oriented
 5is the mechanism by which consumer demands can be expressed and 6to by producers. In the American economy, this mechanism is provided by a price system, a process in which prices rise and 7in response to relative demands of consumers and supplies offered by seller-producers. If the product is in short supply relative to the demand, the price will he bid up and some consumers will be eliminated from the market. If, on the other hand, producing more of a commodity results in reducing its cost, 8will tend to increase the supply offered by seller-producers, which in turn will lower the price and permit more consumers to buy the product. Thus, price is the regulating mechanism in the American economic system.
  The important factor in a private-enterprise economy is that individuals are allowed to own productive resources( private property), and they are permitted to hire labor, gain control over natural resources, and produce goods and services for sale at a profit. In the American economy, the concept of private property 
9not only the ownership of productive resources but also certain rights, including the right to determine the price of a product or to 10a free contract with an other private individual.
A. which
B. tend
C. make
D. turn
E. embraces
F. fall
G. this
H. economy
I. factor
J. that
K. location
L. responded
M. coupled
N. competition
O. production

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                      参考答案: M,E,C,G,L,H,F,N,J,A
                      解题思路:>>>立即刷题